Vaccine Effectiveness – Viral Transmission – New variants – Premium

This is the eighth of a series of discussions in Spanish about the new COVID-19 vaccines. This is a premium lesson.

In the last free lesson on the Covid vaccines, we talked about the importance of continuing to follow recommendations to curb the spread of the virus even after vaccination. In this lesson, Eliza and I present three more useful phrases for discussing vaccines effectiveness and viral transmission as we face of new variants. 

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All our lessons covering Spanish for the Covid Vaccines can be found here: The Flu – Members
All our free Spanish for Covid lessons can be found here: Spanish for COVID-19

The primary purpose of these lessons is to practice useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases when discussing vaccination against Covid-19. Much of the discussion refers to the mRNA vaccines developed by Pfizer and Moderna and the information regarding all the Covid-19 vaccines may change as we learn more. Therefore, when speaking with patients, you should always use information provided by current trusted medical sources.

LEVEL - ADVANCED

Frase 1 – Frenar la transmisión del virus

1:29

La mejor manera de frenar las mutaciones y la aparición de nuevas variantes es frenar la transmisión del virus.

frenar
to slow down, to break

la transmisión / propagación
the transmission or spread

la aparición
emergence

La mejor manera de frenar las mutaciones y la aparición de nuevas variantes es frenar la transmisión del virus.
The best way to curb mutations and the emergence of new variants is to slow down transmission of the virus.

Frenar la transmisión del virus es la mejor manera de frenar las mutaciones y la aparición de nuevas variantes.

Curbing transmission of the virus is the best way to slow down mutations and the emergence of new variants.

Frase 2 – Pueden reducir la eficacia

3:36

Y dado que las nuevas variantes pueden reducir la eficacia de las vacunas, es aún más importante que sigamos estas recomendaciones.

dado que
given that

reducir / disminuir
to reduce, to decrease

Y dado que las nuevas variantes pueden reducir la eficacia de las vacunas
And given that the new variants may reduce the effectiveness of the vaccines

…es aún más importante que sigamos estas recomendaciones.
…it is even more important that we follow these recommendations.

eficacia ~ efectividad
efficacy ~ effectiveness

PODER para expresar la posibilidad

5:04

Las nuevas variantes pueden reducir la eficacia de las vacunas.

Poder + infinitivo
Pueden reducir la eficacia
They may reduce the effectiveness

Puede ser que las nuevas variantes disminuyan la efectividad de la vacuna.

Puede ser que + subjuntivo
Puede ser que disminuyan la efectividad 
They may reduce the effectiveness

Puede ser que las nuevas variantes disminuyan la efectividad de la vacuna.
The new variants may decrease the effectiveness of the vaccine.

Frase 3 – Actualizaremos esta información

7:20

A medida que se disponga de más información, actualizaremos estas recomendaciones.

A medida que se disponga de más información
As more information becomes available

disponer de
to have

se dispone de algo
something is available

…actualizaremos estas recomendaciones.
…we will update these recommendations.

actualizar
to update

Disponer de más información

9:00

A medida que dispongamos de más información…

As we get more information / As more information becomes available

A medida que se disponga de más datos
As more data become available

  • Although DATOS is PLURAL, we continue to conjugate SE DISPONGA DE in its SINGULAR form.

A medida que se disponga de más información, actualizaremos estas recomendaciones.
As more information becomes available, we will update these recommendations.

Repaso de las frases

10:37

Frase 1

La mejor manera de frenar las mutaciones y la aparición de nuevas variantes es frenar la transmisión del virus.
The best way to curb mutations and the emergence of new variants is to slow down transmission of the virus.

Frenar la transmisión del virus es la mejor manera de frenar las mutaciones y la aparición de nuevas variantes.
Curbing transmission of the virus is the best way to slow down mutations and the emergence of new variants.

Frase 2

Y dado que las nuevas variantes pueden reducir la eficacia de las vacunas, es aún más importante que sigamos estas recomendaciones.
And given that the new variants may reduce the effectiveness of the vaccines, it is even more important that we follow these recommendations.

Frase 3

A medida que dispongamos de / se disponga de más información, actualizaremos estas recomendaciones.
As more information becomes available, we will update these recommendations.

References

The following is a great series of YouTube videos by drvellermd.com explaining the pathophysiology and trial results of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines.  They have videos covering a lot more on Covid, including the other vaccines.

Related Lessons


Special thanks to Elizabeth Cortéz, my Spanish teacher at the San Pedro Spanish School in Guatemala and to my friend, Sonja Um-Siri for helping me with the Spanish for this lesson. 

The lessons offered at docmolly.com are a fun way to practice medical Spanish. They are not intended to teach medicine or provide medical advice. These lessons are intended to improve communication with Spanish-speaking patients, but they are not intended to substitute for a qualified medical interpreter.

Quiz

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Please log in to take the quiz for this lesson, or click here to take the quiz on our latest member lesson without logging in. 

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  • I put the answer to question 5 as se disponga de, actualizaremos, and was told this was incorrect, but then in the subsequent quiz review, this was posted as one of the correct answers.

    I prefer when the material to be interpreted in not so lengthy. Sometimes it is not the vocabulary that makes the interpretation challenging, it is the amount of information to be interpreted.

    • Thank you for your feedback Nancy. A member recently asked that I include longer interpretations in the lessons as it is good practice for medical interpretation. Therefore, I am trying to include short interpretations and then longer interpretations at the end of a section of lesson.

      Regarding Question 5, you were not wrong, but there are actually TWO right answers and it asked that you “Elije todas las traducciones correctas.” I know, kinda tricky. 😉 HINT: Whenever there is more than one right answer you will notice there are check boxes next to the answers.

      Thanks again for your comment.

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