In this audio lesson, we practice when to use and when not to use the definite article before one’s title in Spanish.
Talking About Someone
You may have learned when talking about someone with his/her title, that you insert a definite article before the title.
“La señora Abrego no está en casa hoy.”
(Mrs. Abrego isn’t home today.)
We also use the definite article before our titles during introductions.
“Buenas tardes, soy el enfermero Roberto.”
(Good afternoon, I’m nurse Roberto.)
And we insert the definite article before someone’s title when we are asking his/her identity.
“¿Es usted la señora Abrego?”
(Are you Mrs. Abrego?)
Directly Addressing Someone
So when do we not use the definite article before someone’s title?
When we are directly addressing someone.
“Buenos días señora Abrego.”
(Good morning Mrs. Abrego.)
“Soy la enfermera Sally.”
(I’m nurse Sally.)
“¿Es usted el señor Castillo?”
(Are you Mr. Castillo?)
“Sí soy el señor Castillo.”
(Yes, I’m Mr. Castillo.)
“¿Cómo está señor Castillo?”
(How are you Mr. Castillo.)
“Tengo cita con el doctor Espinosa.”
(I have an appointment with Dr. Espinosa.)
“El doctor Anderson regresará pronto.”
(Doctor Anderson will return soon.)
“La enfermera Sally trabaja esta noche.”
(Nurse Sally is working tonight.)
“Que le vaya bien, señora Sánchez.”
(Farewell, Mrs. Sánchez.)
“Buenos días señora Alvarez, soy la doctora Cathy Robinson.”
(Good Morning Mrs. Alvarez. I’m Doctor Cathy Robinson.)
¡Hasta la próxima!
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