Learn Spanish for explaining the rare adverse event called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome following the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine.

This lesson is based on information provided by the CDC (published May 6 and retrieved on May 7th). Needless to say this information will evolve as we get more data, so always look for updated information when communicating with patients.

In this lesson, we learn how to do the following in Spanish.  

  • Discuss a rare adverse event following the administration of a vaccine. 
  • Explain the terms thrombosis and thrombocytopenia. 
  • Refer to different vaccines against COVID-19. 
  • Finally, we will discuss who is at greatest risk and that the benefits of the vaccine outweigh its risks. 

The primary purpose of these lessons is to practice useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases when discussing vaccination against Covid-19. When speaking with patients, you should always use information provided by current trusted medical sources. 

LEVEL - ADVANCED

Evento adverso poco común 

2:08

Se ha observado un aumento en el riesgo de un evento adverso poco común llamado síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia tras la administración de la vacuna contra el COVID19 de Johnson y Johnson.

Un evento adverso
An adverse event

Poco común
Poco frecuente
Rare

Un aumento
An increase

El riesgo
The risk

Un aumento en el riesgo
An increase in the risk 
An increased risk

observar
to observe

Se ha observado un aumento en el riesgo de un evento adverso poco común
An increased risk of adverse rare event has been observed

Note how the verb often comes first when using the PASSIVE SE in Spanish.

Síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia

4:45

El síndrome
Syndrome

La trombosis
Thrombosis

La trombocitopenia
Thrombocytopenia

El síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia
Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome

Un evento adverso poco común llamado síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia
A rare adverse event called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome

También conocido como TTS por sus siglas en inglés
Also known by its English acronym TTS

Vacuna de Johnson & Johnson

6:40

La vacuna de Johnson & Johnson, también conocida como la de Janssen.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine, also known as the Janssen vaccine.

La vacuna contra el COVID-19 de Johnson & Johnson
The Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine

When referring to this vaccine, you will also hear people omit the DE prior to Johnson & Johnson, as Eliza does later in this lesson: “de la vacuna contra el COVID-19 Johnson & Johnson”. 

tras la administración de la vacuna contra el COVID19 de Johnson & Johnson
following the administration of the Johnson & Johnson COVID19 vaccine

Se ha observado un aumento en el riesgo de un evento adverso poco común llamado síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia…
An increased risk of a rare adverse event called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome has been observed…

… tras la administración de la vacuna contra el COVID19 de Johnson & Johnson.
… following the administration of the Johnson and Johnson COVID19 vaccine.

Coágulos sanguíneos con plaquetas bajas

9:40

El síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia provoca coágulos sanguíneos con plaquetas bajas.

El coágulo
Clot

El trombo
Thrombus

Sanguíneo
Blood

Coágulos sanguíneos
Blood clots

Las plaquetas
platelets

Plaquetas bajas
Low plaquetas

Provocar
To cause

El síndrome de trombosis con trombocitopenia provoca coágulos sanguíneos con plaquetas bajas.
Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome causes blood clots with low platelets.

Being that the syndrome describes what is observed rather than the cause, you may prefer using the following statement when explaining this syndrome with your patients: 

Las personas con este síndrome presentan coágulos sanguíneos con plaquetas bajas.

Las personas con este síndrome presentan coágulos sanguíneos con plaquetas bajas.
People with this syndrome develop blood clots with low platelets.

Presentar un problema médico
To have / show / develop / experience a medical problem

Poco común pero grave 

12:59

Este evento adverso es muy poco frecuente.

Poco frequente / común
Rare

Este evento adverso es muy poco frecuente.
This adverse event is very rare.

However, una pausa temporal (a temporary pause) was placed on this vaccine because this adverse event …

Es grave y puede ser incluso fatal.

Grave
Serious

Fatal
Fatal

Incluso fatal
Even fatal

Ojo: No confundas INCLUSO con INCLUSIVE. Both are adverbs meaning “including,” but only INCLUSO is used to say “even.” Here is a comparison of these two adverbs.   

Este evento adverso es poco común pero es grave y puede ser incluso fatal.
This adverse event is rare but is serious and can even be fatal.

Grupo de mayor riesgo

14:54

Las mujeres menores de 50 años parecen ser el grupo de mayor riesgo.

Las mayores / menores de 50 años
Women older / younger than 50 years old

Mayor riesgo
Greater or greatest risk

Las mujeres menores de 50 años parecen ser el grupo de mayor riesgo.
Women under 50 years of age appear to be the highest risk group.

Análisis de los datos disponibles

16:34

Al final, los CDC recomendaron que se reanudara el uso de la vacuna contra el COVID-19 de Johnson y Johnson
In the end, the CDC recommended that the use of Johnson and Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine be resumed.

Un análisis de todos los datos disponibles hasta el momento muestra que los beneficios conocidos y potenciales de la vacuna contra el COVID-19 Johnson y Johnson superan los riesgos conocidos y potenciales.

Un análisis
An analysis 

Los datos
Data

Disponible
Available 

Hasta el momento
So far

Un análisis de todos los datos disponibles hasta el momento
An analysis of all the data available so far

Beneficios superan los riesgos 

18:27

Los beneficios
Benefits

Los riesgos
Risks

Los beneficios conocidos
The known benefits

Los riesgos potenciales
The potential risks

Superar
To outweigh 

Un análisis de todos los datos disponibles hasta el momento muestra que los beneficios conocidos y potenciales de la vacuna contra el COVID-19 Johnson y Johnson superan los riesgos conocidos y potenciales.
An analysis of all the data available so far shows that the known and potential benefits of the Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 vaccine outweigh the known and potential risks.

Los beneficios de la vacuna son mayores que los riesgos.

Ser mayor que
To be greater than 
To outweigh

Los beneficios de la vacuna son mayores que los riesgos.
The benefits of the vaccine outweigh the risks.

Otras opciones para mujeres menores de 50 años 

24:02

Las mujeres menores de 50 años deberían considerar vacunarse con una de las otras vacunas, si pueden elegir.

Las mujeres menores / mayores de 50 años
Women under / over 50 years old

Considerar
To consider

Vacunarse 
To get vaccinated 

Si pueden elegir
If they have a choice
(Literally, “if they can choose”)

Las mujeres menores de 50 años deberían considerar vacunarse con una de las otras vacunas, si pueden elegir.
Women under the age of 50 should consider getting vaccinated with one of the other vaccines, if they have a choice.

No se ha observado este problema en las otras vacunas contra el COVID-19, disponibles en los estados unidos.

No se ha observado este problema en las otras vacunas contra el COVID-19 disponibles en los estados unidos.
This problem has not been observed with the other COVID -19 vaccines available in the United States.

No se ha observado este evento adverso en las vacunas de ARN mensajero.

Las vacunas de ARN mensajero
The messenger RNA vaccines

No se ha observado este evento adverso en las vacunas de ARN mensajero.
This adverse event has not been observed in the messenger RNA vaccines.


Up next

27:11

In the member lesson… 

  • We will practice explaining platelets and clots in Spanish.
  • We will discuss the numbers of reported cases and practice expressing the rate of incidence in Spanish
  • We will also learn terms for what was observed in the reported cases, such as “cerebral venous thrombosis”
  • Finally, we will learn how to explain in Spanish what symptoms to watch for during the 3 weeks following vaccination 

Then… finally… we will move on to some more basic lessons covering Spanish for Dentistry.

References

Remember to always look for the most current recommendations (las recomendaciones más actuales) in trusted medical sources (fuentes médicas de confianza). 

The educational videos produced by 2 brothers from Argentina at Dr. Veller on YouTube are AMAZING… INCREÍBLES  They cover Covid-19 infection, vaccines and other medical topics. 

Related Lessons


Special thanks to Elizabet Cortéz, my Spanish teacher at the San Pedro Spanish School in Guatemala who provided most of the Spanish for this lesson. And special thanks to my friend, Sonja Um-Siri, who asked the questions in this lesson. Sonja also reviews almost every lesson I publish. I could not do this without her. 

The lessons offered at docmolly.com are a fun way to practice medical Spanish. They are not intended to teach medicine or provide medical advice. These lessons are intended to improve communication with Spanish-speaking patients, but they are not intended to substitute for a qualified medical interpreter.


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