Join Luis and me as we practice neurological symptoms in Spanish. We will learn helpful vocabulary for discussing headaches, strokes, head trauma, seizures, and more. In the next member lesson, we will use this vocabulary in questions.聽

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Headache聽

1:31

El dolor de cabeza

Severe headache

La jaqueca

Migraine

La migra帽a, la jaqueca

Neck stiffness

La rigidez en el cuello

RIGIDEZ is a useful word when speaking of stiffness in the muscles and joints.聽 驴Ha notado rigidez muscular?

Changes in vision

Los cambios en la vista, los cambios en la visi贸n.

Sensation

3:01

Feeling or sensitivity

La sensibilidad

When referring to a sensation, we use LA SENSACI脫N. When referring to the ability to feel or sensitivity, we use LA SENSIBILIDAD.
Do you have feeling in your arm? 驴Tiene sensibilidad en el brazo?

Light sensitivity

La sensibilidad a la luz

Numbness

El adormecimiento, el entumecimiento

Numb

Adormecido(a), entumecido(a)

When referring to someone who is non-binary, you used the ending E,聽 Thus, numb becomes ADORMECIDE, ENTUMECIDE.

Tingling

El hormigueo

And this comes from the word for ant HORMIGA.聽

Balance聽

5:26

Balance problems

Los problemas de equilibrio

Unstable

Inestable

The adjective for unstable in Spanish is gender neutral.

Vertigo

El v茅rtigo

Dizziness

Los mareos, el mareo

Dizzy

Mareado(a)

Weakness

6:41

Weakness

La debilidad

Weak

D茅bil

The adjective for weak in Spanish is neutral and does not change based on gender.

Fatigue

La fatiga, el cansancio

Sleepiness or drowsiness

El sue帽o, la somnolencia

Drowsy

Somnoliento(a)

Impaired Cognition

8:03

Hallucinations

Las alucinaciones

Confusion

La confusi贸n

Confused

Confundido(a)

Difficulty remembering things

La dificultad para recordar cosas

Head Trauma聽

9:05

Blow to the head

El golpe en la cabeza

To hit one’s head

Golpearse la cabeza

When speaking of accidents or injuries such as breaking a leg or hitting your head, we use the pronominal form of the verb.聽 Romperse la pierna. Golpearse la cabeza. He broke his leg. Se rompi贸 la pierna. Oh, I hit my head. Me golpe茅 la cabeza.

To lose consciousness

Perder el conocimiento, perder la consciencia

To faint

Desmayarse

Note that this is a pronominal verb. I faint. Me desmayo.

Concussion

La conmoci贸n cerebral, la contusi贸n cerebral

We also use the word CONTUSI脫N to refer to bruises or contusions in other parts of the body. Sufri贸 una contusi贸n en el muslo.

Seizures

11:26

Seizure

El ataque convulsivo

Convulsions, seizures

Las convulsiones

Gloria, my teacher from Mexico, recommends using CONVULSIONES in its plural form, as it may sound weird to ask someone, 驴Ha tenido alguna vez una convulsi贸n? To Gloria, this sounds like we’re asking about one convulsion of the body rather than a series of convulsions that make up a seizure. In this case, Gloria suggested. Ha tenido alguna vez convulsiones? That being said, my teachers outside of Mexico have told me that using una convulsi贸n to refer to a seizure is perfectly fine.

To convulse or seize

Convulsionar

Muscular spasms

Los espasmos musculares

Repetitive movements

Los movimientos repetitivos

Involuntary movements

Los movimientos involuntarios

To stare into space or to stare blankly

Estar con la mirada perdida

Tremor

El temblor

To shake or tremble

Temblar

To lose bladder control

Perder el control de la vejiga

To lose bowel control

Perder el control intestinal, perder el control de los intestinos

To bite one’s tongue

Morderse la lengua

So when we perform an action on ourselves, we use the pronominal verb, MORDERSE. followed by the body part, LA LENGUA.聽 I wash my hands. Me lavo las manos.


Gracias por estudiar espa帽ol m茅dico con nosotros.聽


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