Grammar From the Medical Spanish Podcast

It's been a while since I published the last lesson in the Spanish Grammar Review podcast. However, that’s not because I haven’t been podcasting about Spanish grammar. I just decided to dedicate the time I have outside of the hospital to my Medical Spanish Podcast and in the Medical Spanish Podcast, we cover a ton of advanced grammar within the context of clinical dialogues. Today’s podcast is an excerpt from our latest Medical Spanish podcast on the Covid vaccines. In this excerpt, we practice making a hypothetical if-then statement using the imperfect subjunctive and the conditional

For this Spanish Grammar Review podcast, I have added a couple of examples where we then practice how to make and if-then statement that is not hypothetical, but reflects a real possibility.

Making If-Then Statements

Vocabulary

1:24

la vacuna
vaccine

el núcleo
nucleus

el ADN
DNA

Hypothetical If-Then Statement 

1:54

Además, la vacuna nunca entra en el núcleo donde se encuentra el ADN y aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN.

aun si
even if

Y aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN.
And even if it did enter the nucleus, it would have no way to change your DNA.

  • This is a CONDITIONAL (IF-THEN) STATEMENT, where we use the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE to present the HYPOTHETICAL condition (“y aun si entrara en el núcleo”) and we use the CONDITIONAL to present the result of that condition (“no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN”).

Hypothetical vs Possible and AUNQUE

3:29

Practice 

4:05

Y aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN.
And even if it did enter the nucleus, it would have no way to change your DNA.

Aunque la vacuna entre en el núcleo, no tendrá manera de cambiar su ADN.
Even if the vaccine enters the nucleus, it will not have a way to change your DNA.

Aun si la vacuna entra en el núcleo no tiene manera de cambiar su ADN.
Even if the vaccine enters the nucleus, it does not have a way to change your DNA. 

Review

5:29

Hypothetical 

AUN SI / SI + IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE > CONDITIONAL

Y aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN.

Possible 

AUN SI / SI + PRESENT INDICATIVE > PRESENT / FUTURE INDICATIVE 

Aun si la vacuna entra en el núcleo no tiene / tendrá manera de cambiar su ADN.

AUNQUE + PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE > PRESENT / FUTURE INDICATIVE

Aunque la vacuna entre en el núcleo, no tiene / tendrá manera de cambiar su ADN.

  • Note: There are other possible combinations (e.g. Si + present indicative > conditional), but these represent the most common ones.

Related Lessons


Special thanks to Elizabeth Cortéz, my Spanish teacher at the San Pedro Spanish School in Guatemala who provided most of the Spanish for this lesson.

The lessons offered at docmolly.com are a fun way to practice medical Spanish. They are not intended to teach medicine or provide medical advice. These lessons are intended to improve communication with Spanish-speaking patients, but they are not intended to substitute for a qualified medical interpreter.

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