Learn Constitutional Symptoms in Spanish

Join Luis Almeida and me as we review constitutional symptoms in Spanish. Learn to ask about fatigue, fever, and weight changes. 

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Gracias a Luis Almeida de Venezuela que grabó el español para esta lección. 

Constitutional Symptoms

1:50

el dolor (pain)
la fatiga (fatigue)
la fiebre (fever)
los sudores nocturnos (night sweats)
la pérdida de peso (weight loss)
el aumento de peso (weight gain)
los ganglios inflamados (swollen/inflamed lymph nodes)
los escalofríos (chills)

Ask questions using the verb TENER

3:31

¿Tiene fiebre?
Do you have a fever?

OJO: We do NOT say, “Tiene una feibre,” but instead, “Tiene fiebre.”

¿Tiene escalofríos?
Do you have chills

¿Tiene dolor?
Are you in pain?

¿Tiene los ganglios inflamados?
Are your lymph nodes swollen/inflamed?

¿Tiene los pies hinchados?
Are your feet swollen?

¿Tiene la cara hinchada?
Is your face swollen?

¿Ha tenido fiebre?
Have you had a fever?

¿Ha tenido sudores nocturnos?
Have you had night sweats?

¿Ha tenido aumento de peso?
Have you had weight gain?

¿Ha tenido pérdida de peso?
Have you had weight loss?

Ask About Consitutional Symptoms Using SUFRIR y PADECER

5:50

¿Sufre de escalofríos?
Do you suffer from chills?

¿Ha sufrido de fatiga?
Have you suffered from fatigue?

¿Padece de escalofríos?
Do you suffer from chills?

¿Ha padecido de fatiga?
Have you suffered from fatigue?

OJO: You may hear your patients use the following construction to speak about having problems in a certain area of their body. Padecer/Sufrir de + la parte del cuerpo.

Padezco del estómago.
I have stomach problems.

Mi abuela sufre de las rodillas.
My grandmother has bad knees.

Ask about recent symptoms 

7:37

últimamente (recently)
en la última semana (in the last week)
en los dos últimos meses (in the last 2 months)

¿En la última semana ha tenido fiebre?
Have you had a fever in the last week?

¿En los dos últimos meses ha sufrido sudores nocturnos?
In the last couple of months, have you suffered from night

Ask about weight loss and weight gain 

9:15

Bajar de peso
To lose weight

Subir de peso.
To gain weight

¿Ha bajado de peso últimamente?
Have you lost weight recently?

¿Ha subido de peso últimamente?
Have you gained weight recently?

¿Cuánto ha bajado de peso?
How much weight have you lost?

¿Cuánto ha subido de peso?
How much weight have you gained?

¿Desde cuándo?
Since when?

OJO: Use “¿Desde cuándo?” to ask how long a symptom has been going on.
Por ejemplo: Paciente: Tengo los pies hinchados. >> Enfermero: ¿Desde cuándo?


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