Immediate Allergic Reactions and Covid Vaccines – Premium

This is the 12th and final lesson on the Covid vaccines. We have seen rare allergic reactions to the mRNA vaccines, so in the last free lesson we practiced using the word “antecedentes” to explain that people with a history of an immediate allergic reaction to the vaccine or its ingredients should not get the vaccine. In this lesson, we practice expressing a medical history and which persons with a history of allergic reaction may still consider the mRNA vaccines. We then describe an immediate allergic reaction in Spanish. 

[DAP isloggedin="Y"]

[/DAP]

All our Spanish for Covid lessons can be found here: Spanish for COVID-19

The primary purpose of these lessons is to practice useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases when discussing vaccination against Covid-19. Much of the discussion refers to the mRNA vaccines developed by Pfizer and Moderna and the information regarding all the Covid-19 vaccines may change as we learn more. Therefore, when speaking with patients, you should always use information provided by current trusted medical sources.

LEVEL - UPPER INTERMEDIATE

Who should not get the vaccine?

1:31

¿Quién no debe ponerse la vacuna?

Cualquier persona con antecedentes de una reacción alérgica inmediata a la vacuna o alguno de los ingredientes de la vacuna no debería recibir la vacuna.

¿Quién no debe ponerse la vacuna?
Who shouldn’t get the vaccine?

ponerse / aplicarse la vacuna
to get the vaccine

Si tiene antecedentes de (una) reacción alérgica inmediata a la vacuna o a alguno de los ingredientes de la vacuna no debería / debe recibir la vacuna.
If you have a history of (an) immediate allergic reaction to the vaccine or to any of the vaccine ingredients you should not receive the vaccine.

More ways to express medical history

3:09

Si tiene un historial / una historia de
If you have a history of

Si tiene un historial de (una) reacción alérgica inmediata a la vacuna, no debe / debería recibir la vacuna.
If you have a history of (an) immediate allergic reaction to the vaccine, you should not get the vaccine. 

First consult a healthcare professional

4:09

Now let’s cover recommendations in Spanish for those who have a history of an immediate allergic reaction to another vaccine or injectable therapy.

Cualquier persona con antecedentes de una reacción alérgica inmediata a otra vacuna o a cualquier terapia inyectable debe consultar primero a un profesional de la salud.

otra vacuna
another vacuna

la terapia inyectable
injectable therapy

cualquier terapia inyectable
any injection therapy

Cualquier persona con antecedentes de (una) reacción alérgica inmediata a otra vacuna o a cualquier terapia inyectable…
Anyone with a history of (an) immediate allergic reaction to another vaccine or any injection therapy…

healthcare professional
el/la profesional de la salud

Debe consultar primero a un profesional de la salud.
You should first consult a healthcare professional.

Severe allergic reactions unrelated to a vaccine 

6:05

Now let’s cover recommendations in Spanish for those with a history of a severe allergic reaction not related to a vaccine or injectable therapy.

Las personas con antecedentes de una reacción alérgica grave no relacionada con una vacuna o una terapia inyectable pueden recibir la vacuna.

una reacción alérgica grave / severa
a severe allergic reaction

no relacionado/a con una vacuna
unrelated to a vaccine

Las personas con antecedentes de (una) reacción alérgica grave…
Persons with a history of (a) severe allergic reaction ….

no relacionada con una vacuna o una terapia de inyección pueden recibir la vacuna.
unrelated to a vaccine or injection therapy may receive the vaccine.

Immediate Allergic Reactions

7:42

Una reacción alérgica inmediata es una reacción que se produce durante las primeras cuatro horas después de la vacunación, y que provoca ronchas, picor, hinchazón y, cuando es grave, dificultad para respirar y baja presión sanguínea.

una reacción alérgica inmediata
an immediate allergic reaction

la vacunación
vaccination

Es una reacción que se produce
It is a reaction that occurs

durante las primeras 4 horas después de la vacunación
within the first 4 hours after vaccination

Una reacción alérgica inmediata se produce durante las primeras 4 horas después de la vacunación.
An immediate allergic reaction occurs within the first 4 hours after vaccination.

Soler + producirse/darse

9:17

Una reacción alérgica inmediata suele producirse / darse durante los primeros minutos después de la vacunación.
An immediate allergic reaction usually occurs within the first few minutes after vaccination.

Signs & Symptoms 

10:33

Es una reacción que provoca ronchas, picor, hinchazón, y cuando es grave, dificultad para respirar y baja presión sanguínea.

provocar, causar
to cause

las ronchas, la urticaria
hives

la erupción alérgica / el sarpullido alérgico
allergic rash

el picor, la picazón, la comezón
itching

la hinchazón, la inflamación
swelling

la dificultad para respirar, la falta de aire
difficulty breathing, shortness of breath

las sibilancias
wheezing

O sea, cuando le chillan los pulmones al respirar.
That is, when your lungs squeak as you breath

chillar
to squeak

la baja presión sanguínea / arterial
low blood pressure

Interpretation

13:53

Es una reacción que provoca ronchas, picor, hinchazón
It is a reaction that causes hives, itching, swelling …

… y cuando es grave, dificultad para respirar y baja presión sanguínea.
… and when severe, shortness of breath and low blood pressure.

Una reacción alérgica grave se llama anafilaxia.
A severe allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis.

Una reacción alérgica grave se trata con epinefrina.
A severe allergic reaction is treated with epinephrine.

un Epi-Pen
un auto-inyector de epinefrina

References

The following is a great series of YouTube videos by drvellermd.com explaining the pathophysiology and trial results for the Covid vaccines.  They also have videos covering COVID-19 infection and other medical topics. 

Related Lessons


Special thanks to Elizabeth Cortéz, my Spanish teacher at the San Pedro Spanish School in Guatemala and to my friend, Sonja Um-Siri for helping me with the Spanish for this lesson. 

The lessons offered at docmolly.com are a fun way to practice medical Spanish. They are not intended to teach medicine or provide medical advice. These lessons are intended to improve communication with Spanish-speaking patients, but they are not intended to substitute for a qualified medical interpreter.

Quiz

[DAP isloggedin="N"]

Please log in to take the quiz for this lesson. or take the quiz on our latest member lesson without logging in. 

[/DAP]

[DAP isloggedin="Y"]

[/DAP]


  • {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

    Do you enjoy our lessons? 

    Would you mind sharing a short testimonial?

    >